Terms & Conditions for Use of ASHA Journal Content

Copyright/Proprietary Rights Notice

Unless otherwise noted, the publisher, which is the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), holds the copyright on all materials published in its journals, whether in print or electronic form, both as a compilation and as individual articles. All journal content is subject to "fair use" provisions of U.S. or applicable international copyright laws (see http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html).

Guidelines for Individual Users

  • Individuals may view, download, or save journal content and they may print 10 copies for the purposes of research, teaching, and/or private study. Systematic downloading (by any automatic process) is prohibited without explicit publisher approval.
  • Customer or member account numbers are provided to individuals for their personal use only. Individuals may not share their usernames or passwords without the publisher's permission.
  • Except as noted above, individuals may not reproduce, post, redistribute, sell, modify or create a derivative work of any journal content, without prior, express written permission of the publisher. Permission is granted, however, to provide a limited amount of print or electronic journal content for purposes of regulatory approval, patent and/or trademark applications or other legal or regulatory purposes.
  • Any use and/or copies of this journal in whole or in part, must include the customary bibliographic citation: author(s); publication date; article title; journal name, volume, and inclusive pages; and its URL (Web site address) and MUST include the copyright notice. Individuals may not remove, cover, overlay, obscure, block, or change any copyright notices, legends, or terms of use.
  • For permissions to reprint or copy journal content beyond that permitted by Section 107 or 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law, click on the link below and you’ll be directed to Copyright Clearance Center. Questions and requests for translation should be directed to permissions@asha.org.

Guidelines for Institutional Access

The following guidelines provide Institutional Subscribers with a set of simple, fair rules governing rights and limitations for Internet access of online versions journals ("Journals") of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association ("Publisher") by Authorized Users. These guidelines supersede any prior understanding between the Publisher and the Institutional Subscriber regarding user access to Journals.

Access to the Journals is granted for all Authorized Users on the following conditions:

  • Publisher's acceptance of the Institutional Subscriber's completed order; and

  • Receipt of the required subscription fee.

"Authorized Users" are authenticated, authorized current full and part time students, employees (including faculty, staff, affiliated researchers and independent contractors), and other individuals who have permission to use the public computers on the Institutional Subscriber's campus.  

An institution is all parts of an organization that report to the same Chief Academic Officer or Chief Executive Officer. For multi-campus academic institutions, each organization listed in the Directory of Higher Education is a separate institution. Academic law and academic medical libraries may be part of a University if they report either to the same institutional Chief Academic Officer or the Chief Executive Officer.

In consideration of the payment of the appropriate subscription fee, the Institutional Subscriber and the Publisher agree to adhere to the following guidelines:

  1. The Institutional Subscriber will undertake all necessary authentication and verification processes to ensure that only Authorized Users can access Journals.

  2. The Publisher maintains Journals as a service to its members and the scientific/technical/medical community. The Publisher holds the copyright for all works published in Journals, as a compilation and as to the individual articles, collectively and individually, unless otherwise expressly noted.

  3. All use of Journal content is subject to applicable copyright law and reproduction of Journal content is allowed only as follows:

    1. Downloading: Downloading, printing, or saving of content for personal, non-commercial use is permissible. Systematic downloading is forbidden.

    2. Commercial Redistribution: No commercial use (e.g., downloading, posting of a file, or printing to resell or distribute) of any articles is permitted without prior, express written permission of the Publisher. 

    3. Interlibrary Loan: Interlibrary Loan of articles or components in any electronic or digital form is allowed under CONTU (National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyright Works) guidelines, provided only a limited number of copies of such articles will be made and distributed. [http://old.cni.org/docs/infopols/CONTU.html]

    4. Braille Transcription: The Institutional Subscriber may transcribe any portion of a Journal into Braille script or enlarged type for Authorized Users who are visually impaired.

    5. Course Packs: Contributors of articles published in the Journal(s) who are faculty members of the Institutional Subscriber may use those articles in any course pack they compile without charge. All other articles used in course packs should be included according to conventions applicable in the local country. Similarly, contributors may store their articles in electronic reserve rooms for access by their students as part of their course work, and for in house training programs of the contributor's employer. 

  4. Institutional Subscriber agrees to the following:

    1. The Institutional Subscriber is responsible for creating and maintaining reasonable security measures, and posting policies consistent with the rights and restrictions described in these guidelines to ensure that only Authorized Users can access Journals. The Institutional Subscriber is prohibited from making agreements for access to the Journals with individuals, organizations, vendors, affiliates, or partners that are not parts of the same institution purchasing this subscription. The Institutional Subscriber affirms that all IP addresses in the range listed for authorization are specifically controlled by the institution for workstations under its administrative control and for the use of individuals who meet the Authorized User definition above. The Institutional Subscriber is responsible for maintaining the list of IP addresses of all Authorized Users.

    2. If the Institutional Subscriber becomes aware of unauthorized access to Journals, it will notify the Publisher immediately and cooperate in locating and attempting to stop the specific individuals who are abusing the service. If the specific abuser(s) cannot be identified or stopped, the Publisher has the right to withhold, suspend, or terminate access to all or any portion of the Journal(s)' Web site, without liability.

    3. The Institutional Subscriber agrees not to remove, cover, overlay, obscure, block, or change any copyright notices, legends, or terms of use which the Publisher may post on the site in order to inform users about system features, terms of use, or copyright notices.

  5. SUBSCRIPTION ACCESS: A subscriber has access to content for the term of the subscription plus the preceding 2 years. The publisher intends to retain subscriber access and continue to make the database available after the term of the subscription, even if the institution or individual is not a current subscriber. However, because the publisher cannot be certain of future technology, storage, or maintenance costs, this perpetual access cannot be guaranteed.

  6. TECHNICAL ACCESS: The Publisher intends for the site to be available 24-hours per day, 7 days per week. However, the Publisher WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES OR REFUNDS SHOULD THE SITE BECOME UNAVAILABLE TEMPORARILY OR ACCESS TO THE SITE BECOMES SLOW OR INCOMPLETE due to system back-up procedures, Internet traffic volume, upgrades, overload of requests to the servers, general network failures or delays, or any other cause that may from time to time make the site inaccessible for the library's users.


Disclaimer of Warranty

As publisher, the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, completeness, availability, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or noninfringement of the content of this journal and disclaims responsibility for any damages arising out of its use.

Description of or reference to products or publications, or inclusion of an advertisement in the journal, neither constitutes nor implies a guarantee, endorsement, or support of claims made of that product, publication, or service. In no event shall the publisher be liable for any indirect, special, incidental, punitive, or consequential damages, including but not limited to loss of data, business interruption, or loss of profits, arising out of the use of or the inability to use the journal content.

The publisher reserves the right to reject advertisements and will not publish advertisements that are inconsistent with its professional standards.

Restriction on use of "offline browsers"

Please note: If you are using one of the popular "offline browsers" that allow you to download content from a site and read it later, be aware that we impose one restriction on their use.

In order for us to provide reliable, continuous, and timely access to ASHA Online for all readers, we require that you configure your offline browser to request no more than one page per minute.

Be aware that non-compliance with this rule will result in your access to ASHA Online being blocked until you contact us and resolve the problem. If you repeatedly break this rule you will be permanently blocked from the site.

Access to site pages via an Open Proxy Server is prohibited.

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