Reading Disabilities in Adolescents and Adults Purpose Reading skills continue to develop into adolescence and adulthood. Difficulties in reading have lifelong repercussions. Many speech-language pathologists who work with older individuals in the school setting face significant issues, including those mandated by recent changes in legislation. Theoretical topics related to reading development and disorders include the variety ... Review Article
Review Article  |   October 24, 2018
Reading Disabilities in Adolescents and Adults
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Meredith Saletta
    Wendell Johnson Speech & Hearing Center, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Publisher Note: This article is part of the Clinical Forum: Dyslexia.
    Publisher Note: This article is part of the Clinical Forum: Dyslexia.×
  • Correspondence to Meredith Saletta: meredith-saletta@uiowa.edu
  • Editor-in-Chief: Tiffany Hogan
    Editor-in-Chief: Tiffany Hogan×
Article Information
Development / School-Based Settings / Normal Language Processing / Language Disorders / Reading & Writing Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Clinical Forum: Dyslexia / Tutorials
Review Article   |   October 24, 2018
Reading Disabilities in Adolescents and Adults
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2018, Vol. 49, 787-797. doi:10.1044/2018_LSHSS-DYSLC-18-0005
History: Received January 7, 2018 , Revised April 24, 2018 , Accepted May 10, 2018
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2018, Vol. 49, 787-797. doi:10.1044/2018_LSHSS-DYSLC-18-0005
History: Received January 7, 2018; Revised April 24, 2018; Accepted May 10, 2018

Purpose Reading skills continue to develop into adolescence and adulthood. Difficulties in reading have lifelong repercussions. Many speech-language pathologists who work with older individuals in the school setting face significant issues, including those mandated by recent changes in legislation. Theoretical topics related to reading development and disorders include the variety of orthographic systems across languages and the ways in which adults who are literate in an alphabetic orthographic system experience changes to their spoken and written language processing. In addition, older readers with intellectual or developmental disabilities may benefit from the use of leveled books and the inclusion of illustrations or drawings along with text.

Method I completed a focused literature review regarding typical reading skills, dyslexia in adolescence and adulthood, recent changes in legislation, orthography, and the use of leveled books for adolescents and adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities.

Conclusions Further study of reading in older individuals may lead to important theoretical and clinical applications. Speech-language pathologists should keep in mind the various components of reading (such as decoding and comprehension), how these factors relate to oral language, and how they may be addressed in therapy.

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