Tutorial: Assessment and Analysis of Polysyllables in Young Children Purpose Polysyllables, words of 3 or more syllables, represent almost 30% of words used in American English. The purpose of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') assessment and analysis of polysyllables, extending the focus of published assessment tools that focus on sampling and analyzing children's segmental accuracy and/or ... Tutorial
Tutorial  |   January 09, 2018
Tutorial: Assessment and Analysis of Polysyllables in Young Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Sarah Masso
    Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, Australia
  • Sharynne McLeod
    Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, Australia
  • Elise Baker
    The University of Sydney, Australia
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Sarah Masso: sarah.masso@sydney.edu.au
  • Editor: Shelley Gray
    Editor: Shelley Gray×
  • Associate Editor: Toby Macrae
    Associate Editor: Toby Macrae×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Tutorial
Tutorial   |   January 09, 2018
Tutorial: Assessment and Analysis of Polysyllables in Young Children
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 2018, Vol. 49, 42-58. doi:10.1044/2017_LSHSS-16-0047
History: Received June 8, 2016 , Revised November 29, 2016 , Accepted September 18, 2017
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 2018, Vol. 49, 42-58. doi:10.1044/2017_LSHSS-16-0047
History: Received June 8, 2016; Revised November 29, 2016; Accepted September 18, 2017

Purpose Polysyllables, words of 3 or more syllables, represent almost 30% of words used in American English. The purpose of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') assessment and analysis of polysyllables, extending the focus of published assessment tools that focus on sampling and analyzing children's segmental accuracy and/or the presence of phonological error patterns.

Method This tutorial will guide SLPs through a review of 53 research papers that have explored the use of polysyllables in assessment, including the sampling and analysis procedures used in different research studies. The tutorial will also introduce two new tools to analyze and interpret polysyllable speech samples: the Word-Level Analysis of Polysyllables (WAP; Masso, 2016b) and the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity (Framework; Masso, 2016a).

Results Connected speech and single-word sampling tasks were used across the 53 studies to elicit polysyllables, and a number of analysis methods were reported, including measures of segmental accuracy and measures of structural and suprasegmental accuracy. The WAP and the Framework extend SLPs' depth of analysis of polysyllables.

Conclusion SLPs need a range of clinical tools to support the assessment and analysis of polysyllables. A case study comparing different speech analysis methods demonstrates the clinical value in utilizing the WAP and the Framework to interpret children's polysyllable productions in addition to traditional methods of speech sampling and analysis.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by Australian Research Council Discovery Grant DP130102545 awarded to the second and third authors. The first author acknowledges support from an Australian Postgraduate Award scholarship from the Department of Education. The authors thank Jane McCormack, Yvonne Wren, Sue Roulstone, Kathryn Crowe, Charlotte Howland, and Felicity McKellar for providing support with the data collection and entry for the Sound Start Study.
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