Dose Schedule and Enhanced Conversational Recast Treatment for Children With Specific Language Impairment Purpose Dosage has been identified as an important element of treatment that may affect treatment efficacy. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of dose schedule for treatment of grammatical morphology deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method Sixteen 4-to-5-year-old children with SLI ... Research Article
EDITOR'S AWARD
Research Article  |   October 01, 2016
Dose Schedule and Enhanced Conversational Recast Treatment for Children With Specific Language Impairment
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Christina N. Meyers-Denman
    University of Colorado at Boulder
  • Elena Plante
    University of Arizona
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Christina N. Meyers-Denman: Christina.Meyers@Colorado.edu
  • Editor: Marilyn Nippold
    Editor: Marilyn Nippold×
  • Associate Editor: Teresa Ukrainetz
    Associate Editor: Teresa Ukrainetz×
Article Information
Normal Language Processing / Language Disorders / Specific Language Impairment / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 2016
Dose Schedule and Enhanced Conversational Recast Treatment for Children With Specific Language Impairment
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2016, Vol. 47, 334-346. doi:10.1044/2016_LSHSS-15-0064
History: Received September 8, 2015 , Revised February 3, 2016 , Accepted May 29, 2016
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2016, Vol. 47, 334-346. doi:10.1044/2016_LSHSS-15-0064
History: Received September 8, 2015; Revised February 3, 2016; Accepted May 29, 2016

Purpose Dosage has been identified as an important element of treatment that may affect treatment efficacy. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of dose schedule for treatment of grammatical morphology deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI).

Method Sixteen 4-to-5-year-old children with SLI participated in a 5-week intervention consisting of equivalent daily Enhanced Conversational Recast treatment (Plante et al., 2014) targeting grammatical morphology. Half of the children received treatment in one 30-min session (massed condition). Half received treatment in three 10-min sessions (spaced condition) within one 4-hr period. Progress was assessed 3 times weekly by probing a child's use of his or her treatment morpheme and untreated morpheme (a maturational control) in untreated contexts.

Results Pre- to posttreatment morpheme usage differed significantly for children regardless of dosage condition, and pre to post usage of an untreated morpheme was unchanged, demonstrating overall treatment efficacy. There were no differences in treatment effects for the massed and spaced conditions.

Conclusions The study adds to evidence that Enhanced Conversational Recast can produce positive results in a short period of time for children with SLI. Furthermore, clinicians may have some flexibility in terms of the dose schedule they use to deliver this treatment in an evidence-based manner.

Acknowledgments
This work was supported, in part, by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Grant R21DC014203, awarded to Elena Plante at the University of Arizona, and a gift from Cecile Moore in Tucson, AZ. The results of this study were presented at the public dissertation defense of the first author in March 2015 in Tucson, AZ, and the Symposium for Research in Child Language Disorders 2015 in Madison, WI. Much appreciation is extended to Mary Alt and Edwin Maas for substantive and invaluable input on the development of this project.
Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access