Using Morphological Awareness Instruction to Improve Written Language Skills Purpose Written English is a morphophonemic language. Researchers have documented that a conscious awareness of the morphological structure of English morphology is predictive of students' written language skills and that morphological awareness instruction leads to improvements in morphological awareness and in other written language skills. The purpose of this tutorial ... Tutorial
Tutorial  |   October 01, 2014
Using Morphological Awareness Instruction to Improve Written Language Skills
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Kenn Apel
    University of South Carolina, Columbia
  • Krystal Werfel
    University of South Carolina, Columbia
  • Disclosure: In this article, we discuss the strategy “Word Relatives,” which is an activity that is also used in the program called SPELL—Links to Reading and Writing (Wasowicz, Apel, Masterson, & Whitney, 2012), a product on which Kenn Apel receives some royalties. However, the product itself is never mentioned in the article.
    Disclosure: In this article, we discuss the strategy “Word Relatives,” which is an activity that is also used in the program called SPELL—Links to Reading and Writing (Wasowicz, Apel, Masterson, & Whitney, 2012), a product on which Kenn Apel receives some royalties. However, the product itself is never mentioned in the article.×
  • Correspondence to Kenn Apel: kennapel@sc.edu
  • Editor: Marilyn Nippold
    Editor: Marilyn Nippold×
Article Information
Development / School-Based Settings / Tutorial
Tutorial   |   October 01, 2014
Using Morphological Awareness Instruction to Improve Written Language Skills
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2014, Vol. 45, 251-260. doi:10.1044/2014_LSHSS-14-0039
History: Received April 1, 2014 , Revised May 5, 2014 , Accepted May 20, 2014
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2014, Vol. 45, 251-260. doi:10.1044/2014_LSHSS-14-0039
History: Received April 1, 2014; Revised May 5, 2014; Accepted May 20, 2014

Purpose Written English is a morphophonemic language. Researchers have documented that a conscious awareness of the morphological structure of English morphology is predictive of students' written language skills and that morphological awareness instruction leads to improvements in morphological awareness and in other written language skills. The purpose of this tutorial is to provide specific information to clinical scientists and other educators for integrating morphological awareness instruction into their written language instruction.

Method The authors first define morphological awareness and provide an overview of the research on the effects of morphological awareness intervention on improving morphological awareness and written language skills. Measures used to assess morphological awareness ability are then discussed, followed by suggestions for how clinical scientists and other educators can provide morphological awareness instruction to improve the written language skills of the students they serve.

Conclusion By integrating morphological awareness instruction into the services they provide, clinical scientists and other educators will be providing their students with a strong tool to aid written language skills.

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