Survey of High School Students' Perceptions About Their iPod Use, Knowledge of Hearing Health, and Need for Education Purpose High school students' knowledge about hearing health and their perceptions of how they use personal listening devices (PLDs) including iPods were surveyed to determine the need, content, and preferred format for educational outreach to them. Method This study was a descriptive convenience survey of students at a ... Research Article
Research Article  |   January 01, 2012
Survey of High School Students' Perceptions About Their iPod Use, Knowledge of Hearing Health, and Need for Education
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jeffrey L. Danhauer
    University of California Santa Barbara
  • Carole E. Johnson
    Auburn University, Auburn, AL
  • Aislinn F. Dunne
    University of California Santa Barbara
  • Matthew D. Young
    University of California Santa Barbara
  • Suzanne N. Rotan
    University of California Santa Barbara
  • Tasha A. Snelson
    University of California Santa Barbara
  • Jennifer S. Stockwell
    University of California Santa Barbara
  • Michelle J. McLain
    University of California Santa Barbara
  • Correspondence to Carole E. Johnson: earstoyou@aol.com
  • Editor: Marilyn Nippold
    Editor: Marilyn Nippold×
  • Associate Editor: Jeannene Ward-Lonergan
    Associate Editor: Jeannene Ward-Lonergan×
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Hearing Disorders / School-Based Settings / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 01, 2012
Survey of High School Students' Perceptions About Their iPod Use, Knowledge of Hearing Health, and Need for Education
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 2012, Vol. 43, 14-35. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0088)
History: Received October 16, 2010 , Revised March 14, 2011 , Accepted May 22, 2011
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 2012, Vol. 43, 14-35. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0088)
History: Received October 16, 2010; Revised March 14, 2011; Accepted May 22, 2011
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2

Purpose High school students' knowledge about hearing health and their perceptions of how they use personal listening devices (PLDs) including iPods were surveyed to determine the need, content, and preferred format for educational outreach to them.

Method This study was a descriptive convenience survey of students at a California high school. An 83-item questionnaire was administered in December 2009 to assess students' demographics, knowledge of hearing health, perceived iPod use, and risk activities.

Results The response rate was 56%. Most of the students perceived that they used iPods safely. However, responses indicated that many of the respondents could be at risk of injury to themselves or others if they became unaware of their surroundings while listening to iPods. Some students were knowledgeable about hearing health and safe iPod use, but most needed information about hearing loss and hearing conservation.

Conclusion Most of the students needed education (e.g., via health classes or the Internet) about hearing health, the warning signs of hearing loss, and how to prevent hearing loss. Resources for educational audiologists are provided.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The authors appreciate the assistance of Davis C. Hayden and Mark Swanitz, who provided approval for this study, the names and e-mail addresses for the teachers, and input to the final version of the questionnaire; and all of the English teachers, who distributed the consent forms. The authors also thank Kaitlyn G. Bruccheri, Lauren Hochman, and Ashley S. Page for providing input on the design of the questionnaire and comments on versions of this manuscript. We also wish to thank Hearing Consultants of California for funding this study.
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