Word-Finding Intervention for Children With Specific Language Impairment: A Multiple Single-Case Study Purpose This study examined the effectiveness of a combined phonological and semantic intervention for children with specific language impairment who had word-finding difficulties (WFDs). Method To evaluate the intervention, a multiple single-case design was implemented with 4 children, ages 9;6 (years;months) to 13;9, who had WFDs. Some items ... Case Study
Case Study  |   April 01, 2012
Word-Finding Intervention for Children With Specific Language Impairment: A Multiple Single-Case Study
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Anne Bragard
    Psychological Sciences Research Institute, University of Louvain, Belgium
  • Marie-Anne Schelstraete
    Psychological Sciences Research Institute, University of Louvain, Belgium
  • Perrine Snyers
    Psychological Sciences Research Institute, University of Louvain, Belgium
  • Deborah G. H. James
    Children, Youth and Women’s Health Service, Adelaide, South Australia
    University of Adelaide, South Australia
  • Correspondence to Anne Bragard: anne.bragard@uclouvain.be
  • Editor: Marilyn Nippold
    Editor: Marilyn Nippold×
  • Associate Editor: Martin Fujiki
    Associate Editor: Martin Fujiki×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Language Disorders / Specific Language Impairment / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Case Study
Case Study   |   April 01, 2012
Word-Finding Intervention for Children With Specific Language Impairment: A Multiple Single-Case Study
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 2012, Vol. 43, 222-234. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0090)
History: Received October 21, 2010 , Revised April 15, 2011 , Accepted September 29, 2011
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 2012, Vol. 43, 222-234. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0090)
History: Received October 21, 2010; Revised April 15, 2011; Accepted September 29, 2011
Web of Science® Times Cited: 5

Purpose This study examined the effectiveness of a combined phonological and semantic intervention for children with specific language impairment who had word-finding difficulties (WFDs).

Method To evaluate the intervention, a multiple single-case design was implemented with 4 children, ages 9;6 (years;months) to 13;9, who had WFDs. Some items were trained using a phonological intervention; others were trained using a semantic one. Lexical access outcomes were measured using a picture-naming test at pre- and posttesting.

Results Three children exhibited a significant reduction in WFDs on the intervention words after 6 sessions. These effects were present at posttest and 6 months later for the treated words only and not the control words. Each child responded differently to the intervention, and these response patterns seemed to be related to each child’s linguistic profile.

Conclusion This intervention seemed to achieve long-lasting reductions in children’s WFDs. The differential responses to phonological and semantic intervention imply the need to tailor intervention for differing children by matching it to their linguistic profile.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The authors wish to acknowledge the contribution of the children who participated in the study along with their parents and SLPs. The authors also wish to thank Chantal Mahaux for her assistance in selecting the children.
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