Article  |   October 2011
Classification Accuracy of Brief Parent Report Measures of Language Development in Spanish-Speaking Toddlers
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Mark Guiberson
    University of Northern Colorado, Greeley
  • Barbara L. Rodríguez
    The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
  • Philip S. Dale
    The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
  • Correspondence to Mark Guiberson, who is now at the University of Wyoming, Laramie: mguibers@uwyo.edu
  • Editor: Marilyn Nippold
    Editor: Marilyn Nippold×
  • Associate Editor: Gary Troia
    Associate Editor: Gary Troia×
Article Information
Development / Special Populations / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity
Article   |   October 2011
Classification Accuracy of Brief Parent Report Measures of Language Development in Spanish-Speaking Toddlers
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2011, Vol. 42, 536-549. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0076)
History: Received September 6, 2010 , Revised November 29, 2010 , Accepted February 13, 2011
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2011, Vol. 42, 536-549. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0076)
History: Received September 6, 2010; Revised November 29, 2010; Accepted February 13, 2011
Web of Science® Times Cited: 3

Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to examine the concurrent validity and classification accuracy of 3 parent report measures of language development in Spanish-speaking toddlers.

Method: Forty-five Spanish-speaking parents and their 2-year-old children participated. Twenty-three children had expressive language delays (ELDs) as determined through multiple sources of information, and 22 had typical language development (TD). Parents completed the Spanish version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (Spanish ASQ; Squires, Potter, & Bricker, 1999) and the short-form of the Inventarios del Desarrollo de Habilidades Comunicativas Palabras y Enunciados (INV–II; Jackson-Maldonado, Bates, & Thal, 1992; Jackson-Maldonado et al., 2003), which is the Spanish version of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories Words and Sentences form, and reported children’s 3 longest utterances (M3L–W). Children were administered the Preschool Language Scale, Fourth Edition, Spanish Edition (SPLS–4; Zimmerman, Steiner, & Pond, 2002) at early childhood centers.

Results: All 3 parent report measures were significantly correlated with the SPLS–4, establishing their concurrent validity. Children with ELDs scored significantly lower than TD children on all 3 parent report measures. The Spanish ASQ demonstrated less than desirable levels of sensitivity and specificity; both the short-form INV–II and M3L–W measures demonstrated favorable sensitivity and specificity. Of these measures, M3L–W demonstrated the strongest classification accuracy qualities, including sensitivity, negative predictive value, and area under the receiver operating characteristics curve.

Conclusion: The short-form INV–II and M3L–W demonstrated highly satisfactory classification accuracy of ELDs, but M3L–W demonstrated slightly stronger accuracy. These results indicate that these measures may be useful in screening for ELDs in Spanish-speaking toddlers.

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