Velopharyngeal Dysfunction Speech Characteristics, Variable Etiologies, Evaluation Techniques, and Differential Treatments Clinical Forum
Clinical Forum  |   October 01, 2004
Velopharyngeal Dysfunction
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • James Paul Dworkin, PhD
    Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
    Department of Otolaryn-gology, Head and Neck Surgery, 5E-UHC, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201
  • Mark T. Marunick
    Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
  • John H. Krouse
    Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: aa1544@wayne.edu
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Voice Disorders / Special Populations / Genetic & Congenital Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Clinical Forum: Childhood Voice Disorders
Clinical Forum   |   October 01, 2004
Velopharyngeal Dysfunction
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2004, Vol. 35, 333-352. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2004/033)
History: Received March 5, 2003 , Accepted September 9, 2003
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2004, Vol. 35, 333-352. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2004/033)
History: Received March 5, 2003; Accepted September 9, 2003
Web of Science® Times Cited: 16

This tutorial addresses the complex pathophysiology; various structural and neurologic causes; methods of clinical appraisal; and alternative behavioral, prosthetic, and medicosurgical treatments of velopharyngeal dysfunction. To balance the primary focus of this review on hypernasal resonance and articulation disorders, discussions concerning hyponasal speech characteristics and underlying etiologies are also rendered.

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