Print Referencing An Emergent Literacy Enhancement Strategy and its Clinical Applications Clinical Exchange
Clinical Exchange  |   April 01, 2004
Print Referencing
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Laura M. Justice
    242 Ruffner Hall, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904
  • Helen K. Ezell
    University of Pittsburgh, PA
  • Contact author: Laura M. Justice, 242 Ruffner Hall, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904.
    Contact author: Laura M. Justice, 242 Ruffner Hall, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904.×
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: lmj2t@virginia.edu
Article Information
Development / Normal Language Processing / Clinical Exchange
Clinical Exchange   |   April 01, 2004
Print Referencing
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 2004, Vol. 35, 185-193. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2004/018)
History: Received August 5, 2003 , Accepted October 10, 2003
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 2004, Vol. 35, 185-193. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2004/018)
History: Received August 5, 2003; Accepted October 10, 2003

Print referencing is an evidence-based strategy that may be used by speech-language pathologists and other early childhood specialists to enhance the emergent literacy skills of young children. Print referencing is a strategy implemented within the context of adult-child shared storybook reading interactions, and specifically refers to the use of verbal and nonverbal cues to encourage children’s attention to and interactions with print. Print referencing increases the metalinguistic focus of storybook reading interactions. When print referencing is delivered within the children’s zone of proximal development, clinicians can foster children’s movement from dependent to independent mastery of key emergent literacy concepts. This clinical exchange provides suggestions for using print referencing as a clinical tool, including a theoretical overview of this approach and descriptions of clinical targets.

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