Report  |   April 2002
The Use of Repair Strategies by Children With and Without Hearing Impairment
Author Notes
Hearing Disorders
Report   |   April 2002
The Use of Repair Strategies by Children With and Without Hearing Impairment
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools April 2002, Vol.33, 112-123. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2002/009)
History: Accepted 10 Jan 2002 , Received 20 Dec 2000
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools April 2002, Vol.33, 112-123. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2002/009)
History: Accepted 10 Jan 2002 , Received 20 Dec 2000

Purpose: This study examined how students with hearing impairments, having different levels of speech intelligibility, responded to a communication breakdown as compared to students with normal hearing.

Method: Participants included 16 students with profound hearing impairment who were assessed as having ageappropriate expressive language (8 with good speech intelligibility and 8 with poor speech intelligibility) and 10 students with normal hearing, ages 11–18 years. The students' task was to describe pictures and to respond to a series of three clarification requests ("Huh?," "What?," and "I didn't understand") presented by the examiner.

Results: Repetition was the most frequently used strategy by all groups. However, significant differences emerged in the use of other repair strategies among the three groups. The group's choice of strategies across the three requests also differed significantly.

Clinical Implications: Although the groups evidenced similar levels of age-appropriate expressive language, they appeared to differ in its pragmatic use. It was suggested that strategy training programs should consider the speech intelligibility of the speaker and be tailored according to individual needs.

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