Beyond the Basics I The Need for Strategic Sampling for In-Depth Phonological Analysis Research Article
Research Article  |   January 01, 2001
Beyond the Basics I
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Barbara Handford Bernhardt, PhD
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
  • Gary Holdgrafer
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta
  • Contact author: Barbara Handford Bernhardt, PhD, School of Audiology and Speech Sciences, 5804 Fairview Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T lZ3.
    Contact author: Barbara Handford Bernhardt, PhD, School of Audiology and Speech Sciences, 5804 Fairview Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T lZ3.×
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: bb@audiospeech.ubc.ca
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 01, 2001
Beyond the Basics I
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 2001, Vol. 32, 18-27. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2001/002)
History: Received April 6, 2000 , Accepted July 14, 2000
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 2001, Vol. 32, 18-27. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2001/002)
History: Received April 6, 2000; Accepted July 14, 2000
Web of Science® Times Cited: 11

One of the challenges in the assessment of children with phonological disorders is the collection of a valid and reliable speech sample. Whichever framework is used, the sample can bias the analysis, sometimes in a way that fails to elucidate key phonological patterns. This article discusses sampling in terms of a current framework, nonlinear phonological analysis. It provides an overview of the theory and relevant sampling criteria and gives suggestions for elicitation. Nonlinear analyses examine multiple aspects or levels of a child’s phonological system, providing a comprehensive basis for identifying strengths and needs. Whether or not nonlinear analyses are used, the principles and suggestions included provide general guidance for adequate sample elicitation.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
We wish to acknowledge Joseph P. Stemberger and the anonymous reviewers of this article for their very helpful comments in the preparation of this manuscript.
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