Performances of At-Risk, African American Preschoolers on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-III This study examined the performance of 59 at-risk, African American preschoolers on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-III (PPVT-III, Dunn & Dunn, 1997). The subjects were considered at-risk based on low-income status and/or social status variables such as family density and teenage parents. A mean standard score of 91 and a ... Research Article
Research Article  |   January 1999
Performances of At-Risk, African American Preschoolers on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-III
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Julie A. Washington, PhD
    University of Michigan, Communicative Disorders Clinic, 1111 E. Catherine St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2054
  • Holly K. Craig
    University of Michigan, Communicative Disorders Clinic, 1111 E. Catherine St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2054
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: julieaw@umich.edu
Article Information
Development / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 1999
Performances of At-Risk, African American Preschoolers on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-III
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 1999, Vol. 30, 75-82. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.3001.75
History: Received February 10, 1998 , Accepted July 14, 1998
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 1999, Vol. 30, 75-82. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.3001.75
History: Received February 10, 1998; Accepted July 14, 1998

This study examined the performance of 59 at-risk, African American preschoolers on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-III (PPVT-III, Dunn & Dunn, 1997). The subjects were considered at-risk based on low-income status and/or social status variables such as family density and teenage parents. A mean standard score of 91 and a standard deviation of 11 were achieved by these children. Although these scores are below those reported for the PPVT-III standardization sample, the performance spread resulted in a normal distribution of scores. Differences in performance based on gender and income were not apparent, but level of education of the primary caregiver significantly influenced performance. The findings indicate that unlike the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R, Dunn & Dunn, 1981) the PPVT-III is a culturally fair instrument that is appropriate for use with this population.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
This investigation was supported by research grant #1 RO3 DC02884-01A1 from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health. The authors thank Carol Connor and Kathleen Welch for their significant contributions to various aspects of the project. Special thanks also to Alexander Bailey, Leon Crumb, Patricia McCarthy, and the early childhood teachers and students in the Oak Park, Michigan STAR program.
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