Phonological Awareness and Production Changes During Intervention Research Article
Research Article  |   January 01, 1999
Phonological Awareness and Production
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Heidi M. Harbers, PhD
    Illinois State University, 204 Fairchild Hall, Campus Box 4720, Normal, IL 61790-4720
  • Elaine P. Paden
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • James W. Halle
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: hmharbe@ilstu.edu
Article Information
Development / Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Normal Language Processing / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 01, 1999
Phonological Awareness and Production
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 1999, Vol. 30, 50-60. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.3001.50
History: Received February 14, 1997 , Accepted April 28, 1998
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 1999, Vol. 30, 50-60. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.3001.50
History: Received February 14, 1997; Accepted April 28, 1998

Changes in feature awareness and production during phonological intervention were examined separatelyin four preschool-aged children with severe phonological impairment. Each received intervention that incorporated attention to the features of three error patterns and provided opportunities to practice productions for those patterns. Awareness skills and productionperformance were assessed repeatedly in the context of a multiple-probe design. Relationships between the two variables were then observed. Results indicated that the rate and degree of change in awareness did not always parallel production performance. The findings suggest that both feature awareness and production should be considered when planning intervention.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The time expenditure and commitment of the four participating children and their families is gratefully acknowledged. Appreciation is also extended to Ruth Watkins and Cynthia Johnson for their input into the overall intervention study and to Heather Humphreys, Laura Segabart, Andrea Barbel, and Andrea Novak for their assistance with reliability. The authors also thank Kenn Apel and two anonymous reviewers for critical reviews of this manuscript.
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