Metaphor Performance in Children With Hearing Impairment Metaphor comprehension and use were evaluated in children with hearing impairment (HI) who performed within normal age limits on norm-referenced measures of language. Participants were 13 children with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss and 12 children with normal hearing and normal development (10:0 to 15:7 years:months). Three verbal metaphor tasks (comprehension, ... Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 1998
Metaphor Performance in Children With Hearing Impairment
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Keith S. Wolgemuth
    Naval Medical Center, San Diego, CA
  • Alan G. Kamhi
    The University of Memphis, TN
  • Rene F. Lee
    The Bodine School, Memphis, TN
  • Contact author: LCDR Keith S. Wolgemuth, PhD, c/o Clinical Investigation Department, Naval Medical Center, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, San Diego, CA 92134-5000.
    Contact author: LCDR Keith S. Wolgemuth, PhD, c/o Clinical Investigation Department, Naval Medical Center, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, San Diego, CA 92134-5000.×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 1998
Metaphor Performance in Children With Hearing Impairment
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 1998, Vol. 29, 216-231. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.2904.216
History: Received June 10, 1996 , Accepted April 28, 1998
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 1998, Vol. 29, 216-231. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.2904.216
History: Received June 10, 1996; Accepted April 28, 1998

Metaphor comprehension and use were evaluated in children with hearing impairment (HI) who performed within normal age limits on norm-referenced measures of language. Participants were 13 children with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss and 12 children with normal hearing and normal development (10:0 to 15:7 years:months). Three verbal metaphor tasks (comprehension, preference, and completion) and one visual metaphor task, the Metaphor Triads Task (MTT), were administered. No significant group differences were found on any of the tasks. Both groups exhibited the same metaphor competence and response patterns on the four tasks. These findings add to a growing body of literature showing that a significant number of children with mild-to-moderate HI have age-appropriate language abilities.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
The Chief, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Navy Department, Washington, D.C., Clinical Investigation Program sponsored this case report #84-16-1968-590, as required by HSETCINST 6000.41A. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or the United States Government.
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