Screening for Hearing Loss in Adolescents Three-hundred-forty-two adolescents between the ages of 10–20 years were administered an auditory screening protocol consisting of a: (a) noise history questionnaire, (b) otoscopic inspection, (c) tympanometry, and (d) pure-tone screening at 25 dB HL at 1000, 2000, 4000, and 6000 Hz. Results of this screening protocol suggest a high level ... Research Article
Research Article  |   January 01, 1997
Screening for Hearing Loss in Adolescents
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Alice E. Holmes, PhD
    University of Florida, Gainesville
    Department of Communicative Disorders, 1600 SW Archer Road, Room A65, Box 100174, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610
  • Holly S. Kaplan
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • Regina M. Phillips
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • F. Joseph Kemker
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • F. Thomas Weber
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • Fernando A. Isart
    University of Florida, Gainesville
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 01, 1997
Screening for Hearing Loss in Adolescents
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 1997, Vol. 28, 70-76. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.2801.70
History: Received April 25, 1995 , Accepted February 15, 1996
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 1997, Vol. 28, 70-76. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.2801.70
History: Received April 25, 1995; Accepted February 15, 1996

Three-hundred-forty-two adolescents between the ages of 10–20 years were administered an auditory screening protocol consisting of a: (a) noise history questionnaire, (b) otoscopic inspection, (c) tympanometry, and (d) pure-tone screening at 25 dB HL at 1000, 2000, 4000, and 6000 Hz. Results of this screening protocol suggest a high level of admitted noise exposure in the adolescent population. Overall failure rate was 25%. Pure-tone failure rate was 7% for the frequencies of 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz, increasing to 17% when 6000 Hz was added. Significant correlations were found between firearm use and hearing loss at 6000 Hz. Recommendations for screening the adolescent population are made, and suggestions for educational intervention on the effects of firearm usage are provided.

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