Collaborative/Consultative Service Delivery An Introduction Clinical Forum
Clinical Forum  |   July 01, 1991
Collaborative/Consultative Service Delivery
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Monica L. Ferguson
    Speech-Language Pathologist Fairbanks North Star Borough School District Fairbanks, Alaska
Article Information
School-Based Settings / Clinical Forum: Collaborative/Consultative Service Delivery
Clinical Forum   |   July 01, 1991
Collaborative/Consultative Service Delivery
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, July 1991, Vol. 22, 147. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.2203.147
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, July 1991, Vol. 22, 147. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.2203.147
In 1986, Madeleine Will challenged the efficacy of traditional, pull-out therapy, and initiated a movement to place special education students back into the regular classroom where general and special educators could work together to teach these children to read, speak, think, and write. Will’s report to the Office of Special Education led to the Regular Education Initiative (REI). Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have become important participants in the REI. The traditional pull-out model of service delivery is gradually being replaced by a collaborative/consultative model in school systems throughout the country.
SLPs who work within such a model serve as an integral member of an educational team that includes general and special educators. The responsibility of each member may vary, but the primary objective is to meet each student’s needs within the general classroom. For example, Idol, Paolucci-Whitcomb, and Nevin (1986)  described a model in which the classroom teacher and the SLP share joint responsibility for determining the appropriate program for a student. The collaborative model does not necessarily replace services provided under a traditional pull-out model. The intent instead is to extend services to the classroom in order to enhance students’ academic learning experiences and communication skills.
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