The Test of Adolescent Language (TOAL) and WISC-R IQ Scores A Caveat Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 1986
The Test of Adolescent Language (TOAL) and WISC-R IQ Scores
 
Author Notes
  • William E. Caskey, Jr. is in the Department of Human Development and Learning, East Tennessee University, Johnson City, TN 37614. Requests for reprints may be sent to him at this address. Leslie D. Franklin is in the Carter County Public Schools, Elizabethton, TN 37643.
    William E. Caskey, Jr. is in the Department of Human Development and Learning, East Tennessee University, Johnson City, TN 37614. Requests for reprints may be sent to him at this address. Leslie D. Franklin is in the Carter County Public Schools, Elizabethton, TN 37643.×
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 1986
The Test of Adolescent Language (TOAL) and WISC-R IQ Scores
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 1986, Vol. 17, 307-311. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.1704.307
History: Received January 28, 1985 , Accepted August 9, 1985
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, October 1986, Vol. 17, 307-311. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.1704.307
History: Received January 28, 1985; Accepted August 9, 1985

The Test of Adolescent Language (TOAL) was administered to 3 groups of students, EMR, LD, and suspected gifted, all of whom had recent WISC-R IQ scores. TOAL ALQ scores were found to be significantly different from WlSC-R IQ scores for all three groups [EMR: t = 3.015, p < .05] for the LD and gifted populations both t scores were significant beyond the .001 level. Based upon ALQ scores 10 of the 20 identified gifted could have been certified as learning disabled in Tennessee. With 57% of the EMR students and 27% of the LD students obtaining ALQ scores below the floor of the TOAL (standard score 50) the results suggest that the TOAL is a very difficult test, and is not valid for assessing low language levels. The results point to a need for renorming and/or altering the scoring procedures. It is recommended that the TOAL not be used as a diagnostic or criterion measure until further research is undertaken or local norms are developed.

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