Decreasing Stuttering in an Elementary-Level Student This study illustrates the use of an individual free token/response cost system to decrease the stuttering of an elementary level student. A reversal design was employed. Results show that a free token/response cost system is a viable and effective method for decreasing stuttering. Reasons for the effectiveness of this technique ... Research Article
Research Article  |   January 01, 1984
Decreasing Stuttering in an Elementary-Level Student
 
Author Notes
  • Spencer J. Salend is an Associate Professor of the Faculty of Educational Studies, 116A Old Main Building, State University College at New Paltz, New Paltz, NY 12561. Requests for reprints may be sent there. Marilyn J. Andress is an Educational Consultant for Speech, Hearing and Vision at Colonial Northampton Intermediate Unit 20, Nazareth, PA 18064.
    Spencer J. Salend is an Associate Professor of the Faculty of Educational Studies, 116A Old Main Building, State University College at New Paltz, New Paltz, NY 12561. Requests for reprints may be sent there. Marilyn J. Andress is an Educational Consultant for Speech, Hearing and Vision at Colonial Northampton Intermediate Unit 20, Nazareth, PA 18064.×
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 01, 1984
Decreasing Stuttering in an Elementary-Level Student
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 1984, Vol. 15, 16-21. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.1501.16
History: Received October 15, 1981 , Accepted July 20, 1982
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, January 1984, Vol. 15, 16-21. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.1501.16
History: Received October 15, 1981; Accepted July 20, 1982

This study illustrates the use of an individual free token/response cost system to decrease the stuttering of an elementary level student. A reversal design was employed. Results show that a free token/response cost system is a viable and effective method for decreasing stuttering. Reasons for the effectiveness of this technique are discussed.

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