An Examination of Language Samples Obtained under Three Experimental Conditions Language samples were obtained from 12 Head Start preschool children under the following three experimental conditions: Condition I, Retelling a Story with Toys; Condition II, Playing with Toys; Condition III, Toys with Questions. The quantity and quality of the three samples gathered from each child were compared by analyzing the ... Research Article
Research Article  |   April 01, 1982
An Examination of Language Samples Obtained under Three Experimental Conditions
 
Author Notes
  • Louise D. Stalnaker is a Speech-Language Pathologist in the Boone County, Kentucky Public Schools. Nancy A. Creaghead is an Associate Professor of Speech Pathology, Department of Communication, Speech and Theater, University of Cincinnati, Mail Location 379, Cincinnati, OH 45221, where requests for reprints may be sent.
    Louise D. Stalnaker is a Speech-Language Pathologist in the Boone County, Kentucky Public Schools. Nancy A. Creaghead is an Associate Professor of Speech Pathology, Department of Communication, Speech and Theater, University of Cincinnati, Mail Location 379, Cincinnati, OH 45221, where requests for reprints may be sent.×
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   April 01, 1982
An Examination of Language Samples Obtained under Three Experimental Conditions
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 1982, Vol. 13, 121-128. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.1302.121
History: Received July 31, 1980 , Accepted January 28, 1981
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 1982, Vol. 13, 121-128. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.1302.121
History: Received July 31, 1980; Accepted January 28, 1981

Language samples were obtained from 12 Head Start preschool children under the following three experimental conditions: Condition I, Retelling a Story with Toys; Condition II, Playing with Toys; Condition III, Toys with Questions. The quantity and quality of the three samples gathered from each child were compared by analyzing the total number of utterances, the proportion of the total utterances which were sentence fragments, the number of transformations and adverbial expansions, the number of different semantic relationships, and the mean length of utterance (MLU). Results indicated that retelling a story produced the largest MLU, but toys and questions produced more utterances. These findings indicated that questioning children does not inhibit their language and asking them to retell a story may be a fruitful approach to use when gathering a language sample.

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