Spoken Persuasive Discourse Abilities of Adolescents With Acquired Brain Injury Purpose The aim of this study was to examine the performance of adolescents with acquired brain injury (ABI) during a spoken persuasive discourse task. Persuasive discourse is frequently used in social and academic settings and is of importance in the study of adolescent language. Method Participants included 8 ... Research Article
Research Article  |   July 01, 2012
Spoken Persuasive Discourse Abilities of Adolescents With Acquired Brain Injury
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Catherine Moran
    University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Cecilia Kirk
    University of Oregon, Eugene
  • Emma Powell
    Accident Compensation Corporation of New Zealand, Wellington
  • Correspondence to Catherine Moran: catherine.moran@canterbury.ac.nz
  • Editor: Marilyn Nippold
    Editor: Marilyn Nippold×
  • Associate Editor: Victoria Joffe
    Associate Editor: Victoria Joffe×
Article Information
Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Traumatic Brain Injury / Research Articles
Research Article   |   July 01, 2012
Spoken Persuasive Discourse Abilities of Adolescents With Acquired Brain Injury
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, July 2012, Vol. 43, 264-275. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0114)
History: Received February 2, 2011 , Revised June 14, 2011 , Accepted November 25, 2011
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, July 2012, Vol. 43, 264-275. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0114)
History: Received February 2, 2011; Revised June 14, 2011; Accepted November 25, 2011
Web of Science® Times Cited: 6

Purpose The aim of this study was to examine the performance of adolescents with acquired brain injury (ABI) during a spoken persuasive discourse task. Persuasive discourse is frequently used in social and academic settings and is of importance in the study of adolescent language.

Method Participants included 8 adolescents with ABI and 8 peers without ABI who were matched for age, gender, and education. A spoken persuasive discourse task requiring participants to express their opinion on a topic was administered, and the 2 groups were compared on measures of language productivity, syntactic complexity, and language content. In addition, the relationship between working memory and discourse production was explored.

Results There were no statistically significant group differences on measures of language productivity or syntactic complexity, with the exception of the use of mazes, which was more prevalent in the discourse of the group with ABI. However, there were significant differences in language content, with age-matched peers producing more than twice as many supporting reasons and far fewer tangentially related utterances than the adolescents with ABI.

Conclusions Persuasive discourse production was affected following ABI. Given the importance of persuasive discourse in social and academic situations, further investigations into factors that influence discourse production in adolescents with ABI are warranted.

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