The Effectiveness of Paraprofessionals and a Speech Clinician as Agents of Articulation Intervention Using Programmed Instruction Fifteen elementary-school children with functional θ/s substitutions were randomly divided into three experimental groups. All three groups received articulation intervention via Mowrer’s (1968) S-Pack program for correction of the frontal lisp. Five women were trained as paraprofessionals to administer the program to two groups of children. One group received videotaped ... Research Article
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Research Article  |   April 01, 1978
The Effectiveness of Paraprofessionals and a Speech Clinician as Agents of Articulation Intervention Using Programmed Instruction
 
Author Notes
  • Janis Costello is an associate professor of speech and language pathology at the University of California, Santa Barbara 93106. Requests for reprints may be sent to her there. Judith Schoen is a speech-language pathologist and teacher in an aphasia classroom, Mt. Diablo Unified School District, Contra Costa County, California. This project was conducted while Schoen was completing a master’s degree at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
    Janis Costello is an associate professor of speech and language pathology at the University of California, Santa Barbara 93106. Requests for reprints may be sent to her there. Judith Schoen is a speech-language pathologist and teacher in an aphasia classroom, Mt. Diablo Unified School District, Contra Costa County, California. This project was conducted while Schoen was completing a master’s degree at the University of California, Santa Barbara.×
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   April 01, 1978
The Effectiveness of Paraprofessionals and a Speech Clinician as Agents of Articulation Intervention Using Programmed Instruction
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 1978, Vol. 9, 118-128. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.0902.118
History: Received May 13, 1976 , Accepted June 8, 1977
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 1978, Vol. 9, 118-128. doi:10.1044/0161-1461.0902.118
History: Received May 13, 1976; Accepted June 8, 1977
Abstract

Fifteen elementary-school children with functional θ/s substitutions were randomly divided into three experimental groups. All three groups received articulation intervention via Mowrer’s (1968) S-Pack program for correction of the frontal lisp. Five women were trained as paraprofessionals to administer the program to two groups of children. One group received videotaped instruction, the second group received audiotaped instruction, and the third group was administered the program live-voice by a professional speech clinician. Comparison of the results achieved by the paraprofessionals and the professional speech clinician revealed no significant differences. All of the children learned correct /s/ production equally well and rapidly. The implications of these results for the use of paraprofessionals and programmed instruction are discussed.

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