Using Language Sample Analysis to Assess Spoken Language Production in Adolescents Purpose This tutorial discusses the importance of language sample analysis and how Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT) software can be used to simplify the process and effectively assess the spoken language production of adolescents. Method Over the past 30 years, thousands of language samples have been collected ... Tutorial
Tutorial  |   April 01, 2016
Using Language Sample Analysis to Assess Spoken Language Production in Adolescents
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jon F. Miller
    University of Wisconsin–Madison
    SALT Software LLC, Madison, WI
  • Karen Andriacchi
    University of Wisconsin–Madison
    SALT Software LLC, Madison, WI
  • Ann Nockerts
    University of Wisconsin–Madison
    SALT Software LLC, Madison, WI
  • Disclosure: Jon F. Miller is CEO and co-owner of SALT Software, LLC, and has a financial interest. Karen Andriacchi is an employee of SALT Software, LLC. Ann Nockerts is COO and co-owner of SALT Software, LLC, and has a financial interest.
    Disclosure: Jon F. Miller is CEO and co-owner of SALT Software, LLC, and has a financial interest. Karen Andriacchi is an employee of SALT Software, LLC. Ann Nockerts is COO and co-owner of SALT Software, LLC, and has a financial interest. ×
  • Correspondence to Jon F. Miller: jfmille2@wisc.edu
  • Editor: Marilyn Nippold
    Editor: Marilyn Nippold×
Article Information
School-Based Settings / Normal Language Processing / Language Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Tutorial
Tutorial   |   April 01, 2016
Using Language Sample Analysis to Assess Spoken Language Production in Adolescents
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 2016, Vol. 47, 99-112. doi:10.1044/2015_LSHSS-15-0051
History: Received July 7, 2015 , Revised September 2, 2015 , Accepted November 30, 2015
 
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, April 2016, Vol. 47, 99-112. doi:10.1044/2015_LSHSS-15-0051
History: Received July 7, 2015; Revised September 2, 2015; Accepted November 30, 2015
Web of Science® Times Cited: 4

Purpose This tutorial discusses the importance of language sample analysis and how Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT) software can be used to simplify the process and effectively assess the spoken language production of adolescents.

Method Over the past 30 years, thousands of language samples have been collected from typical speakers, aged 3–18 years, in conversational and narrative contexts. These samples have been formatted as reference databases included with SALT. Using the SALT software, individual samples are compared with age- and grade-matched samples selected from these databases.

Results Two case studies illustrate that comparison with database samples of typical adolescents, matched by grade and elicitation context, highlights language measures that are higher or lower than the database mean values. Differences in values are measured in standard deviations.

Conclusion Language sample analysis remains a powerful method of documenting language use in everyday speaking situations. A sample of talking reveals an individual's ability to meet specific speaking demands. These demands vary across contexts, and speakers can have difficulty in any one or all of these communication tasks. Language use for spoken communication is a foundation for literacy attainment and contributes to success in navigating relationships for school, work, and community participation.

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